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Digital Companion Robot Design for Older Adults

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April 2018 ~ Dec 2018
Technology and Design
Research Center,
Yonsei University
Digital Companion Robot Design for Older Adults

Image Source: Aging of South Korea in 2020 (Kee Whan Kim et al)

Social connections in our life help us in improving the quality and well-being of our lives. However, chances of being socially connected decrease in the cases of older adults, making them vulnerable to depression.
In 2017, South Korea had ofcially become an aged society, with more than 14 percent of its citizens 65 years old or older. It took only 17 years after South Korea became an aging society in 2000, while Japan took 24 years for the same transition (Chosun 2017). Companion robots can satisfy their needs since they are developed as technological intervention tools by providing service, companionship, and assistance in daily life.
In this project, our goal was to first understand the needs of older adults, evaluate the designed concepts, and finally prototype a companion robot.

Research Topics
# companion robots # elder care # living-lab experiment





To investigate older adults’ living accommodations and their life patterns closely, we decided to conduct living-lab experiments with 22 participants between the ages of 70 and 90 for two weeks


1. Companion functionalities

The needs extracted from the caregivers and older adults during the FGI are organized as below:

  • LOS

    Find frequently lost objects for older adults.

  • MED

    Medication support for older adults.

  • CON

    Help making a docter appointment.

  • ENV

    Alarm dangerous things around older adults.

  • PAT

    Analyze life patterns and manage emergency situations.

  • HEA

    Monitoring older adults' health conditions and support telemedicine.

  • EAT

    Talk with older adults while eating and nutrition management.

  • WEL

    Welcome older adults in front of the door.

  • NEW

    Notify new programs and the dates at senior centers.

  • WAK

    Suggest and facilitate older adults' movement and exercise.

  • PHO

    Show older adults' family photos depending on their moods.

  • VOC

    Set companion's voice as their grandchild's.

  • FRN

    Call older adults' friend.

  • GAM

    Game contents for computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation.

2. User scenarios

15 Scenarios were designed for older adults interacting with digital companion robots and below are the few examples:

# 1. Social Connections

# 2. Social Connections

3. Concept designs

Above figure shows the collected companion robot designs from older adults and the final concept design was selected as (a) animal character type considering the design and robot functionalities.

With the animal character design, we could avoid uncanny valley effect (from the previous study) and 244 older adults responded that they prefer animal (bear, dog, seal) designs. Many older adults particularly mentioned that the robot design should bring warm (like bear) and familiar (like dog) feelings to the users.